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    Anthrax & Biological Threats

    What is Anthrax?
    Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus Anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in hooved mammals and can also infect humans when they are exposed to infected animals or tissue from infected animals.

    Symptoms of disease usually occur within 7 days after exposure and vary depending on how the disease was contracted. The serious forms of human anthrax are inhalation anthrax, cutaneous anthrax, and intestinal anthrax. Infection can be treated with antibiotics. However, if not promptly treated, inhalation of anthrax is often fatal. Initial symptoms of inhalation anthrax infection may resemble a common cold. After several days, the symptoms may progress to severe breathing problems and shock.

    Please read the important sections below for more information on how the disease it contracted, how to prevent exposure and how to recognize when it or other biological threats may be present.

    How Anthrax Infections Occur
    How to Handle Anthrax & Other Biological Agent Threats
    Additional Resources

     

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